Understanding Jenkins Pipeline: A Comprehensive Guide (2023)


Jenkins Pipeline is a robust integration tool that facilitates the seamless implementation of continuous delivery pipelines. Comprising a suite of plugins, it empowers users to create intricate delivery pipelines as code through the pipeline DSL (Domain-Specific Language). This article delves into the intricacies of Jenkins Pipeline, shedding light on its core concepts, usage, and the advantages it brings to the table.

Continuous Delivery Pipelines Demystified

In the realm of Jenkins Pipeline, every job or event hinges on one or more dependencies, forming a cohesive sequence. The continuous delivery pipeline, as illustrated above, encapsulates distinct states like build, deploy, test, and release, intricately linked to usher software through a series of predefined processes.

Exploring JenkinsFile

At the heart of Jenkins pipeline lies the JenkinsFile, a textual representation that encapsulates the pipeline as code. Defined using a domain-specific language (DSL), the JenkinsFile serves as a pivotal element for crafting and executing pipeline steps. Its versatility allows automatic pipeline creation for all branches, facilitating streamlined code review and audit processes.

Declarative vs. Scripted Syntax

Jenkins Pipeline offers two syntax options: Declarative and Scripted. The Declarative syntax provides a predefined hierarchy for straightforward pipeline creation, while the Scripted syntax, running on the Jenkins master, uses minimal resources to translate the pipeline into atomic commands.

Why Opt for Jenkins Pipeline?

Jenkins, an open continuous integration server, offers robust automation support for software development processes. Utilizing Jenkins Pipeline yields several advantages:

Key Jenkins Pipeline Concepts

Understanding the core concepts of Jenkins Pipeline is paramount to leveraging its capabilities effectively:

  • Pipeline: A set of code instructions facilitating continuous delivery, covering the entire build process.

  • Node: The machine on which Jenkins runs, often utilized in scripted pipeline syntax.

  • Stage: A block containing a series of steps, visualizing the build, test, and deploy processes in a pipeline.

  • Step: A singular task executing a specific process at a defined time within the pipeline.

Installing Build Pipeline Plugin in Jenkins

The Build Pipeline Plugin enhances Jenkins by providing a visual representation of incoming and outgoing jobs, along with manual intervention triggers. Here's a quick guide on installing the plugin:

  1. Navigate to Manage Jenkins > Manage Plugins.

  2. If the plugin is not installed, find it under the Available tab.

  3. Install the plugin and configure it to create a pipeline view of your jobs.

Creating a Jenkins Pipeline

Creating a Jenkins Pipeline involves defining pipeline views and configuring jobs. Follow these steps:

  1. Click on the "+" button on the Jenkins dashboard.

  2. Create a pipeline view, naming it appropriately.

  3. Accept default settings and choose the initial job for the pipeline.

  4. Apply the settings, and a sample pipeline view will be generated.

Running a Pipeline Build

To run a pipeline build, chain your jobs and configure build triggers:

  1. Chain jobs by configuring Build Triggers to build after other projects are completed.

  2. Install the Build Pipeline view plugin if not already installed.

  3. Create a view on the Jenkins dashboard, selecting the Build Pipeline View option.

  4. Configure Pipeline Flow, selecting the initial job to run.

  5. Run the Jenkins pipeline and monitor status using Red (failure) and Green (success) indicators.


Mastering Jenkins Pipeline empowers development teams to streamline and automate their software delivery processes. From understanding the intricacies of JenkinsFile to exploring the nuances of declarative and scripted syntax, this comprehensive guide equips you with the knowledge to harness the full potential of Jenkins Pipeline for robust and efficient continuous delivery.


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